Varnams are very important compositions in Carnatic Music that are introduced to the learner in the intermediate stage after geethams or even simple krithis. Varnams are structured compositions with various parts like pallavi, anupallavi, charnam,chittaswarams, and ettugada swarams that are designed to bring out the melodic structure of the raga with rhythmic variations. Varnams are great for practice and are rendered commonly in 2 speeds. Since varnams inherently contain a mixture of lyrics with long vowels and swaras (solfa syllables) , they are challenging to render with clarity and bhava. (aesthetic appeal)

There are two kinds of varnams, tana varnams and pada varnams. Varnams are normally performed as a warm-up piece at the beginning of a concert and also constitute a central part of a Bharatanatyam performance as well.


Learn varnam by great gurus we have included a collection of popular varnams and some rare varnams. The essential methods of practice and delivery are also emphasized in these lessons.

Varnam Courses on Acharyanet

Perfecting Carnatic Music Level 2 Varnams

  1. Bhairavi Varnam – Viriboni
  2. Devamanohari Varnam – Manchi Samayamide
  3. Kalyani Varnam (Adi) – Vanajakshiro
  4. Pantuvarali Varnam – Saamininne
  5. Vasantha Varnam – Ninnukori
  6. Saranga Varnam – Intamodi
  7. Hamsadhwani Varnam – Jalajakshi
  8. Shankarabharanam Varnam – Saami ninne -Veenai Kuppaiyer
  9. Abhogi Varnam – Evaribodhana
  10. Mohanam Varnam-Ninnukori

Popular Varnams Course

  1. Kalyani Ata Tala Varnam -Vanajakshi ninnekori
  2. Shankarabharanam ata tala varnam – Chalamela
  3. Chalamela – Nattakurinji Varnam
  4. Ento preme tone – Surati Varnam
  5. Surati Varnam – Enta prema tone
  6. Saveri varnam -Sarasuda
  7. Kedaragowla varnam – Sami daya jooda
  8. Shree varnam – Sami ninne
  9. Sahana Varnam – Karunimpa
  10. Begada varnam- Inta chalamu
  11. Navaragamalika varnam- Valachi vacchi

Rare Varnams Course

  1. Darbar Varnam- Chalamelara
  2. Chakravakam Varnam-Jalajakshi
  3. Kambhoji Varnam- Kamalakshi
  4. Keeravani Varnam-Chalamela
  5. Poornachandrika Varnam-Yaala Nannechevu
  6. Madhyamavathi Varnam- Saraguna Nannela
  7. Mandari Varnam- Vanajaksha
  8. Hindolam Varnam – Mal marugan
  9. Sama Varnam-Nerajanow Ninne
  10. Sarasaninnu – Kapi Varnam – Tanjore Quartet


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