Javalis are a forgotten genre of simple, colloquial beautiful love poems or shringara-oriented, sung in madhyama or vilamba kaalam (medium and slow tempo),
The name Javali carries many meanings. The Tamil Lexicon (p.3874) mentions javali as derived from the Urdu jhwali. According to Captain C.R. Day, a British army officer who served in India in the 19th century “Javali-s are songs of light and pleasing nature, such as love songs, cradle songs, etc
The Javalis have been revived by Shreekantham Nagendra Shastry and populrised by the great vocal duo Brinda and Muktha who rendered Javalis exquisitely while the the shringara-rasa of javalis gave the legendary dancers Balasaraswathi and Vempati Chinna Satyam great abhinaya potential accounting for their enduring popularity in dance.
For an interesting article on Javali, please refer Lines of Love by Aruna Chandaraju
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